Watch Florida Sea Turtles Nest on the Beach
Loggerhead Sea Turtle, courtesy Edward Perry
Watch A Florida Sea Turtle Nesting on the Beach
As Florida's Sea Turtle nesting season begins, find out where you can join a Turtle Walk while watching a mother lay her eggs on the beach, an amazing wonder of nature
Mother sea turtle preparing her nest, courtesy Edward Perry
Mother Sea Turtle returning to the ocean after nesting, courtesy Edward Perry
It was a pitch dark, warm summer evening as a small crowd gathered at the Florida beach, the designated meeting point for our adventure. A Sea Turtle Preservation Society volunteer cheerfully greeted and gave us an idea of what to expect for the evening.
We were about to experience one of the most magical wonders of Florida – a giant loggerhead sea turtle laying her eggs on the beach.
Before the walk, we heard a presentation on sea turtles as volunteer “advance” scouts spotted one emerging onto the beach to dig her nest.
We were then instructed to walk quietly, single file, along the water’s edge following the lead volunteer while being reminded that flashlights or flash photography were strictly prohibited. Infrared lights were used to lead us and to illuminate the hole in which the mama turtle was dutifully laying her eggs while she sat in a trance-like state oblivious to all around her.
Mother turtles transition into a trance-like state when laying eggs, courtesy Edward Perry
Prior to our arrival, she had trekked from the water’s edge across the beach towards the sand dunes, fastidiously scooping out a deep cavity with her flippers. Situating her 200-350 pound body over the pit she slowly began to drop her eggs.
For almost an hour we watched in amazement while the mother turtle dropped around 100 ping-pong sized leathery eggs into the cylindrical sandy hole. Following her egg deposit, she then carefully covered her nest with the sand, and upon regaining her energy, slowly crawled back to the water’s edge and into the ocean, disappearing into the darkness of the vast ocean.
Mother sea turtle returning to the ocean, courtesy Edward Perry
From May through October, while we’re fast asleep, magical moments are quietly occurring along Florida's coastline. Over night, our beaches and barrier islands become North America’s #1 sea turtle nesting grounds. Mother loggerhead, green and leatherback turtles lumber onto Florida beaches depositing eggs into sandy, camouflaged nests.
Sea turtles nest along Florida's coastal beaches
There are three primary species of nesting turtles found along Florida's coasts. The loggerhead sea turtle, the most predominant species, derives its name from its extra large head, weighing between 200-350 pounds and measuring three to four feet in length. The endangered green turtle is rounded and distinctive with a smaller head. Its name is derived from the greenish fat in its upper and lower shell. The third species, the leatherback turtle, gets its name from its tough, leathery skin, and weighs in between 500-1300 pounds. Both the green and leatherback turtles are less common than the loggerhead, which averages four to seven nests per year.
Sea turtle exhibit, Barrier Island Refuge, Melbourne Beach
To protect these endangered species and their nesting grounds, in some parts of Florida the turtle patrol volunteer rises before dawn to monitor long stretches of beach for signs of activity. Individuals search for fresh tracks, resembling small tractor treads, that signal the formation of a new nest. From the water’s edge, the tracks lead to higher ground and softer sand. Sometimes, the flipper tracks will create a semi-circle from the water up the beach and back to the water, called a “false crawl” which indicates the turtle has decided to return to the water. This usually means the turtle has been disturbed or did not find a suitable nesting site.
Volunteers often measure the distance from the water to the nest and sketch a diagram of the turtle’s path. Next, the turtle patrol carefully digs into the sand looking for the eggs, found in a chamber below the surface. Once documented, the hole is filled and the nest is staked with neon-colored tape and an explanatory sign warning against disturbance. The tireless dedication of the turtle patrol not only protects the nests, but also provides important data for scientists to study and monitor sea turtle activity.
Sea turtle eggs (dug by a volunteer to ensure a nest is present)
Incubation lasts approximately sixty days and as the nursery “due date” inches closer (can vary 4-5 days) a depression forms in the sand that indicates hatchling movements. Soon, the babies begin digging out “en masse” to start their journey to the water’s edge. The reflection of the moonlight on the water inspires their pathway to the sea. Once in the water, they will face marine predators but the greatest threat is the human one, through commercial fishing gear, artificial lighting, litter and development.
Sea turtle tracks
Join a Turtle Walk
Volunteer led beach walks can be daytime or at night, which gives participants the opportunity to see new and fresh nests or see live loggerheads actually nesting, depositing the eggs, covering the nest and returning to the water. On Florida’s east coast, they are usually held in the evenings after 8:00 pm. Tours are limited to small groups and preceded by an educational overview and discussion of sea turtles. A few of the programs include “turtle hatchling” evenings where participants can see the newly hatched babies crawl from the nest down to the water's edge.
The majority of organized turtle walks are on Florida’s Atlantic coast with 80% found between New Smyrna Beach and Boca Raton. The intense geographical density of the nesting activity creates more opportunities to see a turtle creating a nest. Most walks are held June through July and all require advance reservations that fill quickly. Most walks will charge a donation or fee. Also, if you are taking young children, there will an age limit.
Many of the organizations that host sea turtle walks are small and volunteer driven, and it is best to call by phone to discuss availability.
If a Florida turtle walk is on your Authentic Florida Bucket List, then think about calling immediately to reserve your space.
Daytime sea turtle walk to look for nests
Usually the evening tour starts at a nature center or facility with a film overview while certified volunteer scouts are searching the beaches for nesting loggerheads. The volunteer then radios the group to join him/her for the nesting turtle beach viewing.
A staked sea turtle nest
Locations for Florida Sea Turtle Walks (North - South)
Canaveral National Seashore, Titusville
Reservations start May 15. (386)428.3384, ext. 0, Recommend calling back until you get a live person (no reservations on-line)
Wednesday, Thursday, Friday & Saturday through July, 8 pm.
Two locations: North (Apollo Beach); South (Playalinda Beach)
Sea Turtle Preservation Society, Melbourne/Satellite Beach
Reservations begin May 1st; (321)676.1701 (leave a message, cannot sign up on-line)
Monday & Wednesdays at Pelican Park, Satellite Beach, 8:45 pm
Fridays & Saturdays at Spessard Holland Park, Melbourne Beach, 8:45 pm
Minimum donation: $15 per person; Children must be 6 years old
Barrier Island Sanctuary, Melbourne Beach
To make a reservation, go online to the website or for more information call (321)723.3556
Walks are Monday through Friday, June 1 - July 29
This is considered the largest and best nesting habitats for Loggerheads in the western hemisphere. Green and Leatherback turtles also nest here.
Sebastian Inlet State Park, Melbourne Beach
Reservations begin May 15th. Call (772)388-2750 to reserve space (cannot sign up on-line), Monday through Fridays 10:30-3:30 pm
Tours are daily except Wednesdays & Thursdays, June & July, 9 pm
No admission fee
Florida Power & Light at the St. Lucie Nuclear Power Plant, St. Lucie Island
Reservations are FULL; Call to be placed on the waiting list
Reservations begin May 1; (888)646.6396 (#1), Call and leave a message
Hobe Sound Nature Center, Hobe Sound Public Beach
Reservations are currently FULL; Call to be placed on the waiting list
Book on-line for Thursday & Friday walks, for May through July, at 8 pm
For more information, call (772)546.2067.
Loggerhead Marinelife Center, Juno Beach
Reservations on-line begin May 2nd or call (561)627.8280, leave message
June: Wednesdays, Thursdays, some Fridays & Saturday evenings, at 9 pm
July: Wednesdays, Thursdays, Fridays & Saturday evenings at 9 pm
John D. MacArthur Beach State Park, North Palm Beach
Registration begins on-line at beginning May 31
(561)624.6950 for more information
Monday, Wednesday, Friday walks, 8 pm - midnight, June 6 - July 29
$10 per person
Gumbo Limbo Nature Center, Boca Raton
Registration for on-line reservations begins May 9th for specific dates May, June, and July. The Nature Center hosts both Turtle Walks and Baby Turtle Hatchling Releases.
For more information, call (561)544.8605
Museum of Discovery and Science, Ft. Lauderdale
Call to make a reservation(954)713.0930, or sign up at BrownPaperTickets
Tuesday, Wednesday & Thursday walks, June 7 - July 14, 9 pm
$18 for members; $20 for non-members
Also, check out the turtle displays and a visible live nest with incubating eggs (during summer)
John U. Lloyd Beach State Park, Dania Beach
Call for reservations, cannot sign up on-line (954)924.3859,
Friday & Wednesday walks, June & July
Fee is $6 per vehicle; Children should be at least 5 years old
Westlake Park/Anne Kolb Nature Center, Hollywood - This is a (baby turtle) Hatching Release Program
Registration begins May 23rd on line or call for more information (954)357.5161 (#0),
Wednesday & Friday walks, July 6 - August 31, at 8:30 pm; $10 per person
This is a hatchling program where you can view the babies traveling to the ocean.
Baby sea turtle hatchling, courtesy, Edward Perry
Crandon Park Visitors’ and Nature Center, Key Biscayne
Can make reservations on-line at www.MiamiEcoAdventures.com or call (305)361.6767 ext. 112, or (305)365.3018 for more information.
This is a Sea Turtle Hatchling Release program where you can view the babies travel from the nest to the water. Reservations begin July 1 for walks in July, August & September.
Florida's West Coast Turtle Walk
On the Gulf coast, Sarasota's Longboat Key Turtle Watch hosts morning Saturday morning walks the month of July. Visitors meet on Longboat Key, stroll to the beach in search of mother sea turtles tracks. On the tour, volunteers search for tracks that lead to freshly laid nests, stake the nests for protection, while you share the wonderment of Florida’s magical beach nursery.
What to Take
Long sleeve shirts, bug repellant and comfortable shoes. No camera equipment allowed. Expect to walk up to ½ - 1 mile in soft sand.
How can you help Florida’s sea turtles?
Tips for safeguarding our sea turtles:
· If you happen to come upon a nesting turtle, remain quiet and observe from a distance. Do not shine a flashlight or lamp.
· From May through October, if you are residing on/near the beach, turn off all lights visible from the beach. Pull drapes/blinds in the evening to dim the light cast upon the beach. (Turtles/hatchlings are oriented towards the light of the horizon and can be disoriented by artificial lights.)
· Pull all beach furniture away from the beach. (Turtles can get trapped in the furniture.)
· Fill in obvious beach holes where small hatchlings can fall unable to climb out.
· Pick up all trash from the beach
· Avoid fireworks on the beach (where sea turtles are nesting)
· Do not pick up turtle hatchlings.
· Become a volunteer and help our future sea turtle population!
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|Hi Mark, I would call Mote Marine Laboratory and ask them. Good luck!|
|Posted by Robin Draper on July 7, 2015 at 9:52 pm|
|Is there a link to the Sarasota area, of approximate dates for hatchings of specific nests? I have a family of 6 that would love to see them hatch and make they're way to the ocean|
|Posted by Mark Duda on July 7, 2015 at 6:24 pm|
|Thank you Frank. Sure appreciate you linking the article to your site!|
|Posted by Robin Draper on May 5, 2015 at 8:52 pm|
|Great article, Robin! In fact, I created a link on my website and shared it on Facebook for those interested in a Sea Turtle Walk.|
|Posted by frank bainbridge on May 5, 2015 at 9:16 am|